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Naive Bayes for Text Classification
In this question, you will implement and evaluate Naive Bayes for text classification.
0 Points Download the spam/ham (ham is not spam) dataset available on myCourses. The data set is divided into two sets: training set and test set.
The dataset was used in the Metsis et al. paper [1]. Each set has two directories: spam and ham. All files in the spam folders are spam messages
and all files in the ham folder are legitimate (non spam) messages.
1 CS 436/ 580L
40 points Implement the multinomial Naive Bayes algorithm for text classification
described here: http://nlp.stanford.edu/IR-book/pdf/13bayes.pdf
(see Figure 13.2). Note that the algorithm uses add-one laplace smoothing. Ignore punctuation and special characters and normalize words by
converting them to lower case, converting plural words to singular (i.e.,
“Here” and “here” are the same word, “pens” and “pen” are the same
word). Normalize words by stemming them using an online stemmer such
as http://www.nltk.org/howto/stem.html. Make sure that you do all
the calculations in log-scale to avoid underflow. Use your algorithm to
learn from the training set and report accuracy on the test set.
10 points Improve your Naive Bayes by throwing away (i.e., filtering out) stop words
such as “the” “of” and “for” from all the documents. A list of stop words
can be found here: http://www.ranks.nl/stopwords. Report accuracy
for Naive Bayes for this filtered set. Does the accuracy improve? Explain
why the accuracy improves or why it does not?
2 Point Estimation
20 points Derive maximum likelihood estimators for
1. parameter p, Bernoulli(p) sample of size n.
2. parameter p based on a Binomial(N, p) sample of size n. Compute
your estimators if the observed sample is (3, 6, 2, 0, 0, 3) and N =
10.
3. parameters a and b based on a Uniform (a, b) sample of size n.
4. parameter µ based on a Normal(µ, σ
2
) sample of size n with known
variance σ
2 and unknown mean µ.
5. parameter σ based on a Normal(µ, σ
2
) sample of size n with known
mean µ and unknown variance σ
2 CS 436/ 580L
.
6. parameters (µ, σ
2
) based on a Normal(µ, σ
2
) sample of size n with
unknown mean µ and variance σ
2
.
30 points You are given a coin and a thumbtack and you perform the following
experiment: toss both the thumbtack and the coin 100 times. To your
surprise, you get 60 heads and 40 tails for both the coin and the thumbtack.
You put Beta priors Beta(1000, 1000), Beta(100, 100), and Beta(1,1) on
the coin and thumbtack, respectively.
1. Derive the MLE and MAP estimates for the coin and the thumbtack.
2. With the help of figures identify how the different priors affect the
estimated parameter values. Follow the point estimation example in
the lectures and illustrate in a similar manner in your answer. For
full credit, a curve for each scenario should be shown along with
an explanation of the curve in terms of the different values in the
2
question (number of heads and tails recorded and parameters of the
Beta prior).
3. True or False: The MLE estimate of both the coin and the thumbtack
is the same but the MAP estimate is not. Briefly explain your answer.
[Answers without explanation will receive no credit.]
4. True or False: The MAP estimate of the parameter θ (probability
of landing heads) for the coin is greater than the MAP estimate of
θ for the thumbtack. Briefly explain your answer. [Answers without
explanation will receive no credit.]
What to Turn in
• Your code
• README file for compiling and executing your code.
• A detailed write up that contains:
1. The accuracy on the test set.
2. Detailed answers to point estimation questions showing the complete
derivation (can be hand-written and scanned). No points will be
given for answers that are incomplete.
References
[1] V. Metsis, I. Androutsopoulos and G. Paliouras, “Spam Filtering with Naive
Bayes – Which Naive Bayes?”. Proceedings of the 3rd Conference on Email and
Anti-Spam (CEAS 2006), Mountain View, CA, USA, 2006.
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