CSE 415 Assignment 1 Python Warm-up and Chatbot solved

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Part A of this assignment consists of several smallish Python puzzles. If you are new to Python, do the associated
reading. Otherwise, this is mainly a refresher with a little problem-solving thrown in. Part B is an opportunity not only
to practice your Python skills, but also to get creative and produce an agent with “character.” Even more, it will offer
you a chance to interact with another member of the class to create a dialog between your conversational agents. If the
conversation is “good,” you can get extra credit.

You should turn in four files: (1) a file named of function definitions, (2) a file a1ExamplesPlus.txt of
example calls, results and answers to questions, (3) a file containing the Python code for your conversational agent
(named as described in the instructions), and (4) a text file sampleConversation.txt containing a sample dialog
between your agent and your partner’s agent (see instructions for details).

For the file of examples, you can use a combination of input and output together with comment lines (beginning with
a pound sign) to show that you have verified each of your answers on the computer. For each function, show a
demonstration on the same example shown on this page, and two additional examples: one shorter (or smaller), and
one longer (or larger) and more interesting (use your imagination).

Part A. Defining Functions (30 points).

Write Python function definitions for the following requirements (worth 5 points each, except for numbers 2 and 4,
which are worth 10 points each). You should be able to infer what each function should do by a combination of reading
its name and examining the relationship between its input and ouput on the given examples. Note that the functions
that accept lists as arguments must be able to handle lists of any length. For this assignment your functions do not
have to validate the types of their inputs. That is, you may assume that they will be called with arguments of the
proper types.

In problem 2, you may find it helpful to write a helping function that can translate one character, and you may find the
various string methods to be useful: islower(), isupper(), isdigit(), isalpha(), index(), and join(). You might also
consider using the functions map(), and list(). The built-in Python functions ord and chr could come in handy. The
mod operator (‘%’) may also be helpful.
1. five_x_cubed_plus_1(2) -> 41
2. pair_off([2, 5, 1.5, 100, 3, 8, 7, 1, 1, 0, -2]) -> [[2, 5], [1.5, 100], [3, 8], [7, 1], [1, 0], [-2]]
3. mystery_code(“abc Iz th1s Secure? n0, no, 9!”) -> “TUV bS MA1L lXVNKX? G0, GH, 9!”
(Hint: If a character of the input is alphabetic, then it undergoes a

change of case as well as a mapping to a different place in the alphabet.)
4. past_tense([‘program’, ‘debug’, ‘execute’, ‘crash’, ‘repeat’, ‘eat’]) ->
[‘programmed’, ‘debugged’, ‘executed’, ‘crashed’, ‘repeated’, ‘ate’]

Use the following rules for forming the past tense of a regular verb in English: (a) If the verb ends in ‘e’, add ‘d’.
(Example: ‘execute’ becomes ‘executed’.) (b) If the verb ends with a ‘y’ immediately preceded by a consonant, change
the ‘y’ to ‘i’ and add ‘ed’. (Example: ‘try’ becomes ‘tried’.) (c) If the word ends in one vowel (not two vowels) followed by
one consonant (but not ‘y’ or ‘w’), then repeat the consonant and add ‘ed’. (Example: ‘debug’ becomes ‘debugged’. (d)
For the irregular verbs to have, to be, to eat, and to go, handle these as special cases. (e) In all other cases, add ‘ed’.
(Example: ‘repeat’ becomes ‘repeated’.) You don’t have to handle irregular verbs other than those mentioned in (d).


Also, you may make the following assumptions about the input for past_tense: words will be in lower
case; all characters will be in this set (this string): “abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz”; no word will have fewer than 3
characters, except for the verbs be (including am) and go.

The above exercises will be graded with a combination of autograder and manual grading. Exercises 1 and 2 are worth
5 points each. Three points will be awarded for passing the instructors’ autograder tests, and one point will awarded
for giving each required example in your a1examplesPlus.txt file. Exercises 3 and 4 are worth 10 points each, with 6
of the points given for passing the autograder tests and 2 points for each required example.

A simple “sanity-check” testing program is available that might help you realize that you have a spelling error in a
function name or that your functions do not return values of the proper type: Note that this file
is not an autograder, and it does NOT test whether your functions compute the correct values.

Part B. Conversational Agents (70 points).

Create a Python program that simulates a human character in a dialog. Your program should have some definable
personality, such as a widget salesman, entertainment star, political figure, etc. Besides being able to carry on a
conversation with a human user, it should be able to join into conversations with the agents created by any member of
the class. To do this, it will need to implement certain functions with a strict protocol.

Your solution should follow these guidelines:

You are welcome to use rules from the program, but each rule must be modified so that the response
will be different.
Incorporate a “memory” feature into your agent so that the conversation can return to some topic introduced
earlier by the user. Make it work in a manner consistent with the character of your agent. (5 points).
Incorporate a “cycle” feature into your agent so that when a given rule fires repeatedly in a session, the response
is not always the same but changes in a cyclical pattern. At least 2 of your agent’s rules should use this feature
with at least 2 alternative responses each. (5 points)

Make up at least one rule that uses a random-choice feature to select a response form. (5 points)
There should be at least 15 rules in your program.
Your program should be ready to be used as a module in another program that runs your agent with another
agent in a dialog. The interface will consist of three functions that you need to write: one called introduce(),
one called respond(theInput), and one called agentName().

The introduce function should return a string representing a message that tells the name of the agent, what the
agent represents and the name and UWNetID of you the programmer. For example, it might return a string
My name is Rusty Sales, and I sell junky cars.
I was programmed by Jenny Chrysler. If you don’t like
the way I deal, contact her at jchrysler@u.
How can I help you?

The respond function should work almost the same way as the one in But there are two important
differences. First, the function will take one argument: the input string. It should compute the wordlist and
mapped_wordlist values at the beginning of the function body instead of receiving those as inputs as in Second, instead of printing out its response, your respond function should return it as a string.
This will allow the other agent to receive it as input in the joint-dialog program.

The agentName function should return (as a string) a short nickname for your agent. This will be useful in
printing out a prompt-like identifier when showing lines of a conversation among different agents. For example,
the function might return Rusty for example above.

You can test out your compliance to this interface by downloading the and minimal agent programs.
Name your agent’s Python file in the following way, so that we can keep track of the different agents:, where YourUWNetID represents your UWNetID code (i.e., your email user name
within the domain. For one thing, this will guarantee that each of our agents is implemented
in a file with a unique name. It will also give the graders an easy way to find your agent within a group, if needed.

Provide a comment in the code for each of your production rules.
In addition to your Python file, turn in a text file sampleConversation.txt that includes at least 10 turns (and
no more than 15) of the conversation for each agent, where Agent A is your agent and agent B is the agent of your
partner. You can hand-edit the file with some comments — ALL IN CAPS — that point out places where your
agent is using its MEMORY FEATURE, CYCLE FEATURE, and RANDOM-CHOICE feature.

To help you create
the conversation, you can use the and programs mentioned earlier.
If there are no repeated responses in your sample conversation, and the conversation makes sense, we will
award 5 points of extra credit to the author of each agent. However, if either agent repeats a response in the
conversation (for example, it says “You seem quite negative” and then later says that again), then no extra credit
will be awarded to either author.

Turn­In Instructions

Turn in your files, named according to the instructions above, at our course’s Canvas website.
Updates and Corrections
The format checking program for Part A was updated on Jan. 7 at 4:35 PM. The “Assumptions” for Exercise 4 in Part
A was added on Jan. 7 at 6:44 PM, at the suggestion of the A1 lead TA, Jifan. If needed, additional updates and
corrections will be posted here, and/or in Piazza.