CSc 3320:Homework # 2 solved




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PART 1 (2.5 points each): 10pts

1. What are the differences among grep, egrep and fgrep? Describe
using an example.
2. Which utility can be used to compress and decompress files? And
how to compress multiple files into a single file? Please provide
one example for it.
3. Which utility (or utilities) can break a line into multiple fields by
defining a separator? What is the default separator? How to define
a separator manually in the command line? Please provide one
example for defining the separator for each utility.
4. What does the sort command do? What are the different possible
fields? Explain using an example.
Part IIa (5 points each): 25pts
5. What is the output of the following sequence of bash
commands: echo ‘Hello World’ | sed ‘s/$/!!!/g’
6. What is the output for each of these awk script commands?
— 1 <= NF { print $5 } — NR >= 1 && NR >= 5 { print $1 }
— 1,5 { print $0 }
— {print $1 }
7. What is the output of following command line:
echo good | sed ‘/Good/d’
8. Which awk script outputs all the lines where a plus sign + appears
at the end of line?
9. What is the command to delete only the first 5 lines in a file “foo”?
Which command deletes only the last 5 lines?

Part IIb (10pts each): 50pts

Describe the function (5pts) and output (5pts) of the following commands.
9. $ cat float
Wish I was floating in blue across the sky, my imagination is
strong, And I often visit the days
When everything seemed so clear.
Now I wonder what I’m doing here at all…
$ cat h1.awk
NR>2 && NR<4{print NR “:” $0 $ awk ‘/.*ing/ {print NR “:” $1}’ float 10. As the next command following question 9, $ awk -f h1.awk float 11. $ awk -f h2.awk float 12. sed ‘s/\s/\t/g’ float 13. $ ls *.awk| awk ‘{print “grep –color ‘BEGIN’ ” $1 }’ |sh (Notes: sh file runs file as a shell script . $1 should be the output of ‘ ls *.awk ‘ in this case, not the 1 st field ) 14. $ mkdir test test/test1 test/test2 $cat>test/testt.txt
This is a test file ^D
$ cd test
$ ls -l . | grep ‘^d’ | awk ‘{print “cp -r ” $NF ” ” $NF “.bak”}’ | sh
$ cat h2.awk
“Start to scan file” } BEGIN { print
{print $1 “,” $NF}
END {print “END-” , FILENAME }

Part III Programming: 15pts

15. Sort all the files in your class working directory (or your home directory)
as per the following requirements:
a. A copy of each file in that folder must be made. Append the string
“_copy” to the name of the file
b. The duplicate (copied) files must be in separate directories with each
directory specifying the type of the file (e.g. txt files in directory named
txtfiles, pdf files in directory named pdffiles etc).
c. The files in each directory must be sorted in chronological order of

d. An archive file (.tar) of each directory must be made. The .tar files
must be sorted by name in ascending order.
e. An archive file of all the .tar archive files must be made and be
available in your home directory.
As an output, show your screen shots for each step or a single screenshot
that will cover the outputs from all the steps.