CS 4000 Homework # 5: Hacking Salted Passwords with MPI solved

Original price was: $35.00.Current price is: $30.00.



5/5 - (4 votes)

Storing passwords is one of the most crucial aspects of Internet security, and one of the
easiest things to do incorrectly. If you have a “secure” web-site, i.e., one that requires
passwords for a user to gain access to some resources, one of the worst things that you could
do would be to store the passwords in a database as plaintext. Then, if a hacker was able
to access the database and download the passwords, they would have complete control of all
user accounts in the system. To get around this vulnerability, computer systems often store
passwords in an encrypted format using a hash function such as MD5, Blowfish, or DES. The
problem with this approach is that hackers, if they have access to the hashed version of the
passwords, can use these common hash functions to build a database of common password
hashes to find whether users are using simple passwords. To get around this potential
vulnerability, system designers invented the concept of salted passwords. The concept is
somewhat straightforward. Passwords are encrypted using a random salt, and both the
encrypted version of the password and the salt are stored in the password file/database. This
approach stops the database driven (as well as rainbow table) password hacking techniques.
However, like all such password storage approaches, they are not fool proof.
Salted passwords are used in UNIX/Linux to store system passwords. System passwords
are usually stored in /etc/passwd or /etc/shadow.
Generating Salted Passwords using Crypt
In the UNIX passwd file, the system stores your username followed by a colon separated list
of information about the username. The first item in this list is an encrypted version of the
password for the account. For example, you might see
The encrypted password was generated using the Unix crypt. The first part of the
encrypted password ($6) tells the crypt function which encryption algorithm to run. The
second part of the encrypted password (up until the third $), mk3DMfWk3hwXSva1 is a random
string that is used as the salt for the encryption algorithm. The rest of this line, up to the
final : stores the encrypted password. This line was generated by the following short C++
string t;
string salt = “$6$mk3DMfWk3hwXSva1”;
string pass = “dumbpassword”;
t = crypt(pass.c_str(),salt.c_str());
cout << t << endl;
Notice that crypt returns the salt along with the encrypted version of the password.
Cracking Salted Passwords
For this project, you will be cracking (trying to discover the real password) salted passwords
using a dictionary based attack and OpenMPI. You will receive a list of salted passwords (e.g.,
see password_file) and a dictionary (see words). You will try to crack the salted passwords
by trying passwords formed by concatenating one or two words from the dictionary together
with (or without) a short (≤3) string of digits. For example, if “orthogonal123ant” is your
password, this program should be able to crack it.
You will know whether you guessed a password correctly if, when you supply the function
crypt with the salt and the guessed password, you get the original encrypted password.
Write an OpenMPI program that takes command line parameters: a filename for the list
of salted/encrypted passwords, and a filename for the dictionary. Your program will try
all possible (one or two word) combinations of words from the dictionary to try to crack
the passwords. Your program will be produce one line for each encrypted password in the
password file. It will either print “Password:XXXX”, where XXXX is the correct password,
or it will print “Password not found” Try to make your program as fast as possible. Your
program should be able to achieve 75% efficiency when run on 10 of the machines in the 307
Make sure to properly document your program.